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Friday, 29 May 2020

CASE 586: PLACENTA ACCRETA or not, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, Dr JASMINE THANH XUÂN, Dr VÕ HIẾU THÀNH, Dr THÙY MAI, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC,VIETNAM.

Female 25 yo, PARA  0020,  with 01 surgery for extrauterine pregnancy,  now suspected placenta accreta in 37,5 weeks of pregnancy by ultrasound in Hung vuong hospital.


Ultrasound and MRI in Medic= placental accreta in small part in left angle of uterine fundus.

Ultrasound showed a thin part of uterus with a poor placenta part nearby that made thinking about placenta accreta.




MRI= It is difficult to see muscular layer of left side of uterine fundus that may be invaded abnormally by placenta accreta.




Finally, results of cesarean surgery shows a normal placenta.



Discussion= Wrong thinkings of ultrasound due to abnormal of uterus post op: at the site of the late surgery,  the poor echogeneicity of  part of placenta made thinking about placenta accreta. However, it exists non Doppler signal at this site, so nothing proved for an evident of placenta accreta. 

Nota= 

There were some ultrasound findings of placeta accreta=
 - vascular lacunae  in small and large size in placenta with hypervascular and   turbulent flows
 - loss of hypoechoic line in posterior of placenta
 - abnormal of wall of bladder due to invasion by placenta 

Friday, 22 May 2020

CASE 585: MRI VENOGRAPHY of GALIEN VEIN ANEURYSM, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, Dr NGUYỄN THÀNH ĐĂNG, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM.

Female child  4yo, having a vascular cystic lesion had been revealed  by T C D ultrasound into her brain without symptom.


Per transcranial sonography (TCD) it exists   a cystic lesion #6x8 mm with venous spectral pattern and aliasing that appeares nearby the cerebral troncus. The cystic lesion seems to be no changing of its size for 4 years.



MRI venography of brain performed to confirm the results of TCD ultrasound,  and detect clearly an aneursym of  Galien vein in upper space  of  tentorium cerebelli  in the female child brain.




MRI venography has a important role to confirm an aneurysm of Galien vein for the female child. 

Thursday, 14 May 2020

CASE 584: INFANTILE MESENCHYMAL HAMARTOMA IN LIVER, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, Dr LÊ THANH LIÊM, Prof NGUYỄN SÀO TRUNG, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM.


Male child 3 months old, well feeding and weight .
Dr Truong Dinh Khai [Children Hospital N2] detected liver lesions with high level of AFP, suspected hepatoblastoma. But Wako tests= AFP 6,388.4; AFP L3 and DCP in normal values.

At Medic, ultrasound thought about infectious lesions in right lobe #56x53mm, solid, septation with cystic appearance. 




MRI (Gado)= Right lobe of liver lesions may belong to mesenchymal sarcoma, AFP  got down <2,000.



Operation for removing liver tumor.
Macro and microscopic specimens with results are Mesenchymal Hamartoma in liver.

2 months post op selective hepatectomy, in reexamination check-up, regular weight gain normaly # 8kg of 5.5 months old, AFP downed at 44 ng/mL (last time 74ng/mL). Not detected relapse tumor. 

Conclusion :

Hepatic Mesenchymal Hamartoma is a rare benign tumor in children. Tumor appeares in big cyst, septated  or solid matter with small cysts.  Hepatic mesenchymal sarcoma is a different diagnostic item with asthenia, invasion to vessels, biliary obstruction.