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Thursday, 25 February 2016

CASE 365: MULTIPLE INTRAMUSCULAR TUMORS, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM.






Woman  60 yo being treated   lymphoma large B cell  stage IV by chemotherapy for 5 months.

One week ago she herself detected  many  subcutaneous nodules  palpable  at  forearm right and left, neck and  right parotid area, no painful.
 ULTRASOUND=
US 1=tumor  intramuscular right  forearm, round  border, very  low echo density.


US 2=cross-section, lesion at forearm.

US 3=CDI  Doppler vascular  structure of this mass, hypervascular.


US 4=longitudinal scanning   with  CDI.


US 5=CDI with PW,   RI = 0,70.


US 6 = small intramuscular nodule  at posterior of  neck.


US 7= SWE of mass in right  parotid.


Do you thing  it is lymphoma  in muscle?  
Biopsy of this mass  is large  B cell lymphoma, same as  result pre-treatment.





Conclusion: LYMPHOMA  LARGE B CELL  AT THE DIFFUSE STAGE  CAN MAKE  MULTIPLE NODULES  IN MUSCLES.
Reference:

Monday, 15 February 2016

CASE 364: LUNG LOOKED LIKE LIVER, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM



Woman 62 yo, cough and dyspnea, weakness of left side of  her body  2 weeks ago.
Chest XRay  first.( see pleural effusion  at right lung).


Ultrasound of  thorax:
US1=liver normal with mass  at  lower portion of right lung


US 2=liver and right lung  looked like liver structure (hepatization).


US 3= scan at right thorax: pleural effusion and lung solid mass.


US 4=  with 10MHz linear probe  looking of visceral layer of pleural membrane having  irregular nodular mass.


US 5 =  this lung mass is hard  like liver.


US 6= very low vascular supplying.


CT scan of lung  non CE.: CT1=cross section,  CT2 = frontal view,  CT 3= many nodular  metastasis at right and left lung.





CT4=  brain scan with suggestion of metastasis at right brain..
Punction of pleural space removing yellow fluid ( foto).


Analysis of fluid = ADA  very low, ruling out lung tuberculosis.

Do you  thing this case  is lung cancer metastasis to the brain? 

REFERENCE:
Ultrasound detection of Lung Hepatization

Friday, 5 February 2016

CASE 363: MURPHY'S SIGN POSITIVE, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM



Woman  32 yo,  3 days ago, fever and pain at  right  upper quadrand of abdomen with  MURPHY SIGN  POSITIVE  in clinical palpation.
Report of ultrasound in emergency from  a province hospital   was cholecystitis necrosis and peritonitis ( US picture).

At MEDIC, reviewed ultrasound shows US 1: CDI revealed big gallbladder and edema of the wall, no stone, no perforation. CBD is  no dilatation, no hypervascular.



US 2: fluid collecting in Morrison’s space extending to right iliac fossa.




US 3: normal scanning  at pancreas area.



Patient reports painful in pressing of ultrasound probe over gallbladder area .
Sonologist  suggested  edema of the gallbladder wall  and ascites maybe  due to hemorragic fever reaction.
Blood tests  confirmed  low WBC, low platelets, and Dengue test  IgG positive.



Based on  ultrasound  picture and  blood tests, diagnosis was infected Dengue; gallbladder edema only due to reaction. And the management for the case  is  medical follow-up in progress of disease.
Reference:
Acute Acalculous Cholescystitis and Ascites [Dengue Fever stage III]
Hình ảnh siêu âm sốt xuất huyết Dengue

Tuesday, 2 February 2016

CASE 362: ACUTE FEMALE PELVIS PAIN, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM



Women 21 yo, single, acute  hypogastric pain, polykiurianormal urine analysis.
Ultrasound  scanning  in pelvis  shows uterus  normal in size with endometrium thickening, fluid colecting arround  uterus looks like  blood (US 1)  and  on right  site uterus exists  one  round mass, size  of 5 cm  with multiple cystic( US 2), US 3 =  Color Doppler of  this mass is  normal vascular, US 4 = PW Doppler of  right uterine artery  with RI =0.82.





Sonologist  alerts  bleeding  intrapelvis and  suspected  rupture of right ovary cyst.

MSCT with CE : Non intrauterus pregnancy ( CT1), and this mass  at right parameter  is  cystic in  central part and  thickening wall  with  blood arrounding.  

Radiologist  diagnosis  is  hemoperitoneum due to rupture of corpus luteinic of  right ovary, blood volume collecting arround 100ml.



Blood test  makes sure negative beta HCG.
Clinical finding  is acute pelvis pain in single female  patient, ultrasound  quickly detected  bleeding  intra pelvis  and blood test ruling out a case of ectopic pregnancy.

Ultrasound is  best diagnosis and follow up this case  no need  CT.

This patient was admitted  OBGY hospital for survey in  3 days and discharged later.

Conclusion:   in female patient,  of acute  pelvis pain case,  ultrasound  is first choice of imaging modalities  for diagnosis about  corpus luteinic  rupture in bleeding, and  beta HCG to  confirm diagnosis of  MITTELSCHMERZT  SYNDROME.