Total Pageviews

Tuesday, 23 July 2013

CASE 202: BOWEL OBSTRUCTION, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM


Woman  88yo  suddenly got  epigastric pain and  vomitting. Ultrasound abdomen first  nothing abnormal detected. After 10 hours,  ultrasound in second time shows small intestine dilated and hyperperistalsis, colon no dilated (see 2 pictures of small bowel dilated) but cannot  make sure why small bowel in obstruction.




Chest X-ray  revealed air-water level at  right subdiaphagmatic, so suspected  a  subdiapragmatic abcess.

But  MSCT  detected  small intestin moving over the liver and fixed to right diaphragm and in strangulation (see CT pictures).




Summary: Ultrasound, X-ray, CT cannot make sure why small bowel in obstruction, but  surgery in emergency is done.

Emergency operation detected  small bowel fixed onto falciform ligamentum by one orifice of 2 cm diameter. It is an internal hernia due to defected falciform ligamentum. See picture of orifice of falciform ligamentum.

REFERENCE:

Sunday, 21 July 2013

CASE 201: ULTRASOUND FIRST of R. HYDRONEPHROSIS, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM

Woman 37 yo in pregnancy for 7 weeks, onset acute pain at right kidney.
Ultrasound first at  FV hospital revealed  hydronephrosis of  right kidney in first degree, but cannot find out any stone. After 24 hours,  second ultrasound at MEDIC CENTER detected one small stone  intramural urinary bladder at right ureteral orifice (see  picture 1:  hydronephrosis of right kidney , picture 2:  uterus in gestation, picture 3: intramural stone).





Urologist  requests  MRI  for make sure the right ureteral stone (2 MRI pictures).




Cystoendoscopy in emergency for releasing pain by JJ stent in ureter.
Discussion: Ultrasound first or second time are better for patient by safety and cost-benefit.

Wednesday, 17 July 2013

CASE 200: BREAST FAT NECROSIS MASS, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI- Dr JASMINE THANH XUÂN, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM

Woman 59 yo, herself detected a mass at her left breast, no pain, no hot. Ultrasound findings are  a 3 cm mass under skin, no border, hyperechoic with central necrosis, doppler no hypervascular and without axillary nodes.




On mammography, the left breast had a small nodule in hyperdensity withoud calcification and well-bordered.

Sonologist report of this case  suspected fat necrosis or pseudotumor.

RADIOLOGIST CANNOT DIAGNOSE THE LESION ON MAMMOGRAM. HE PREFERED TO DO FNAC.
AFTER ONE DAY, FNAC  REPORT WAS   FAT NECROSIS, NO NEED  OF OPERATION.

REFERENCES: FAT  NECROSIS OF THE BREAST

Monday, 8 July 2013

CASE 199: A PSEUDOANEURYM of STAB WOUND, Dr NGUYỄN NGHIỆP VĂN-Dr NGUYỄN HOÀI THU, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM


A 20 yo female patient got a stab wound at her left forearm 2 months before. She presented a swelling pulsatile mass at her left forearm. Color Doppler ultrasonography shows  a pseudoaneurysm at the middle part of the left ulnar artery, d =3.2 x 3.7cm in diameter. ( see 3 images)
 

ANGIO detected pseudoaneurysm at the middle part of left ulnar artery. ( see 3 images)
 

 

Left upper extremity angiography : The half-moon images  of contrast material filling showed in the left ulnar artery.

 

Because the sac had small pedicle (seen on Color Doppler ), we decided to embolization the pseudoaneurysm by histoacryl glue. After embolosclerotherapy, the pseudoaneurysmal sac disappeared.

 

Friday, 5 July 2013

CASE 198: INTRAGASTRIC POLYPOID TUMOR, Dr PHAN THANH HẢI-Dr PHẠM THỊ THANH XUÂN, MEDIC MEDICAL CENTER, HCMC, VIETNAM

Woman 61 yo with  epigastric distention.
Adominal ultrasound detected one  polypoid  mass being intragastric lumen. The gastric wall is rounding (4 ultrasound pictures= image 1: section of antrum, image 2 : long section over aorta,    image 3 and 4  at gastric fundus).





MSCT with 2 images, that  well show an intragastric big tumor.



Endoscopy confirmed a big polyp from gastric fundus, which has a short but large root, and rough surface, with size of 4x4 cm.


Pedunculus of gastric fundus area. Biopsy report  is adenoma.
Wait for surgery.